DT is an immunization against diphtheria and tetanus. It has an extremely low risk of severe side effects, which is why DT is sometimes used instead of DTaP vaccines for children.
What are DT vaccine names?
Who gets the DT vaccine?
Who should not get the DT vaccine?
Why use DT instead of DTaP?
How many shots do I need?
Do I need a booster shot?
What are common side effects?
What are severe side effects of DT?
Does the DT vaccine have thimerosal?
What else is in the DT vaccine?
Where can I get more information?
DT is an immunization against the bacterial diseases diphtheria and tetanus. The vaccine contains modified bacterial toxoids that can’t cause the disease. Instead, they trigger the immune system to respond and develop anti-toxins and immunity to both diseases.
There is only one DT vaccine. It is a generic without a brand-name that has been sold by Sanofi Pasteur in the U.S. since 1997. Is one of the safest and oldest vaccines on the market.
Most children get DTaP instead of DT vaccines, but DT is safer for children who shouldn’t get vaccines with a pertussis (whooping cough) component. DT vaccines are for children between the ages of 6 weeks and 6 years old. Teenagers and adults get Tdap or Td vaccines.
DT vaccines are not safe for people who had severe allergic reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis) to a previous dose of a vaccine against diphtheria or tetanus, or other ingredients in the vaccine (see below for a list).
The DT vaccine is used in children who had a bad reaction to a DTaP vaccine, or any other vaccine with a pertussis (whooping cough) component. DT is safer than DTaP for children with these conditions:
- Progressive neurological illness
- Uncontrolled epilepsy or seizure disorder
- Infantile spasms
- Progressive encephalopathy
- Unevaluated history of seizures
Pertussis vaccines can sometimes cause severe allergic reactions, seizures, fever over 105°F, brain inflammation (encephalopathy), collapse or shock-like state, Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episode (HHE), inconsolable crying for 3 hours or more, and other side effects.
These side effects are almost never associated with DT vaccines, but most children should still get DTaP because the risk of side effects is much lower than the risk of dying in an outbreak of pertussis.
The immunization schedule for the DT vaccine is a series of 5 shots, with one shot given at each of the following ages:
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 15-18 months
- 4-6 years old
Yes. DT vaccines do not provide lifelong immunity against diphtheria or tetanus. Teenagers and adults need a Tdap or Td booster shot at the age of 11 years old and every 10 years afterward.
The risk of depends on the dose. In clinical trials, the most common DT vaccine side effects were crying (13-15%) and loss of appetite (3-6%). Up to 4% of children had reactions where the shot was given (redness, pain, or hardness). Up to 6.6% of children had a fevers over 100.4°F after the 3rd dose.
The following side effects have been reported spontaneously since the DT vaccine was approved:
- Enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy)
- Injection-site hypersensitivity
- Injection-site inflammation
No. Thimerosal is a mercury-based preservative that was banned in all childhood vaccines in 1999, including DT vaccines. The side effects of the DT vaccine listed above were based on clinical trials when thimerosal was still used in DT vaccines, so they may over-estimate the risk of side effects.
Aluminum phosphate, isotonic sodium chloride, formaldehyde, casein, cystine, maltose, uracil, inorganic salts, vitamins, dextrose.
Each 0.5 mL dose is contains diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoids, aluminum phosphate (1.5 mg), and formaldehyde (under 100 mcg).